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高考英语复习-常用短语及句型归纳专题

发布时间:2021-06-20 11:18:29 影响了:

  高考英语 复习- -常用短语及句型归纳 专题

 1 1 .高考高频动词短语

 (1 1 )t act 短语:

 act as 担任……职务,起……作用

 act for 代理(某人职务),代为(处理某事)

 act out 表演(对话、故事等)

  act up 捣乱,出毛病 例如:

 I acted as an interpreter while I was in Xiamen. Mr Black is acting for the old man in his case. (布莱克先生代那个老人处理他的案件。) The children were acting out the story of the birth of Jesus. He’s a tough kid and he acts up a lot. (2 2 )k break 短语:

 break away 摆脱,脱离

 break away from … 脱离……,奋力挣脱…… break down 出故障,坏掉,中止,累垮,分解 break in 打断,插话,闯入,强行进入

 break into … 闯入……,破门而入

  break (sth) off (使某物)折断,中断某事物,突然停止 break out (战争、火灾)突然发生,爆发 break out in tears 突然大哭

 break the rule 违反规定 break through 突围,冲跨

 break up 分解,分裂,拆散,碎开

  例如:

  The thief broke away from the police, but was later caught. If you keep on working like that, you’ll break down sooner or later. The car broke down just on my way here. If anyone tries to break in, the alarm will go off. If anyone tries to break into the building, the alarm will go off. She broke off a bit of bread and dipped it in the soup. I broke off the conversation and answered the phone. Does everyone know what to do if a fire breaks out? It may take a long time to break through the problem. In spring the icebergs begin to break up. (3 3 )g bring 短语:

 bring about 引起,导致,使发生

 bring along 把……带来,领来 bring back 拿回来,使恢复

 bring sb back 送回某人 bring sth / sb back to life 使……生动/活泼,使……苏醒 (比较:sth / sb come back to life 复苏,苏醒)

 bring down 使……降低,减少,使……倒下,使……落下

 bring down / up (the price) 降价/提价 [比较:(the price ) go down / up 价格下降 /上涨] bring in 引进(技术),赚钱,带来(收入),吸收

 bring on 发展,引起,导致,使前进

 bring out 拿出,出版,生产,揭露,阐明,使表现出 bring to 使苏醒 bring … to use = put …to use 对……加以利用 bring / carry sth to / into effect 实施……(比较:sth come / go into

  effect 开始实施)

 bring up 抚养,培养,哺育

 例如:

 A huge amount of environmental damage has been brought about by the destruction of the rainforests. You’re welcome to bring along a friend. The government hopes these measures will help to bring down inflation (通货膨胀). American country music brings in more than $10 billion each year. This new kind of technology was brought in in the early 1980s. Stress can bring on

 (=lead to / result in) headaches and other illnesses. Jenny opened the cupboard and brought out a couple of bottles. He was brought up by his grandparents. (4 4 )l call 短语 :

 call at (sp) 访问(某地),拜访(某地)

 [比较:call on (sb) 拜访(某人),访问(某人)] call back 回电话

 call for 提倡,号召,要求,需要,去接某人,接走某人 call / shout for help 呼救

 call in 请来,召集,来访,打电话

  call off 取消

  call on / upon 号召

 call out 大声呼喊,叫喊

 call sb…for short 简称某人……

 call sb names 谩骂某人

  call up 给……打电话,使人想起,号

  召 例如:

 We called at Mike’s house yesterday. All ships sailing on the oceans call for help by radio in English. I’ll call for my uncle at Beijing Railway Station. Let’s call in a doctor for the little girl. Many of these songs called on / upon the workers to take up the struggle. I shall call on him tomorrow. I heard somebody calling out to me from downstairs. Call me up tomorrow; my number is 536291. Your letter calls up the days when we worked together fifteen years ago. Due to the bad weather, the sports meeting has been called off. (5 5 )e come 短语:

 come about 发生,产生

 come across 偶然相遇 come along 来,随同,进展,加油

 come at … 向……袭击 come back 回来,想起来,复活

  come down 下来,下落,传下

 come down to… 到达,从一处来到另一处 come for… 来拿,来取

  come from… 来自,出生于

 come in 进来,进入

 come into being 形成,产生

  come into use 使用起来

  come off 脱落,从……离开

 come on 过来,跟我来,加油,来吧,赶快 come on / upon sb / sth 偶然遇见,偶然碰上,偶然发现

  come out 露出,出来,出现,出版,发(芽),(花)开 come over to… 过来,顺便来访,从一个地方来到另一个地方 come round / around (非正式)来访,串门 come to … 来到,出现,提及,达到,共计,结果是,苏醒 come to an end 结束,终止

  come to know 逐渐地知道

  come to life (变得)活泼,苏醒过来 come to light 显露,为人所知 come to oneself 苏醒过来,恢复知觉

 come to / into power 当权,上台

  come / go to ruin = fall into ruin 变成废墟 come to terms with… 甘心忍受

 come true 变为现实,成为事实 come up 被提出,上来,走来,上升,抬头,长出来 come up to sb 朝某人走来

 come up with … 提出,想出(主意),找出(答案),赶上 例如:

 A number of educational reforms have come about as a result of the report. I came across an old friend of mine in the street the other day. Your English is coming along really well. Come along / on! Don’t give up yet! Come along / on! We’re all waiting for you! Suddenly, he came at me with a knife.

 Now, let’s come back to what I was saying a moment ago. It is impossible for a dead animal to come back. Snow was coming down so thickly that I could hardly see through the

  window.

 The airplane came down in that field. Where does the film star come from, do you know?

 Mr Smith came in in a hurry, book in hand

 (= with a book in his hand). The law first came into being in 1912. By the time he came to / into power in 1951, he was already seventy. How long is it since the electronic computer came into use? The button came off, but he didn’t notice it. There is no doubt that the truth will come out one day.

 The trees turn green and flowers come out. This magazine comes out once a month. Why don’t you come around / round for lunch?

 Some day you’ll come to know the mistakes you have made. If they don’t come to a decision by midnight, the talks will be abandoned.I’ve forgotten her name, but maybe it’ll come to me later. The bill came to £ 480 in total. His dream of becoming a film star came true at last.

 A child came up to me and showed me the way. The same problems came up at the meeting yesterday. They came up with the same problems at the meeting yesterday. Searching through the drawer, I came upon the letter I’d been looking for. (6 6 )t cut 短语:

 cut away 切除,剪去

 cut down 砍倒,砍下,削减

  cut in 插嘴,加塞,插入

  cut in line 插队

 cut … into pieces / halves 把……切成碎片/切成两半 cut off 切断(线路),中断(供应)

 cut out 删除,剪下来

 cut the cost of … 降低……的成本

 cut up 切碎,剪碎,剁碎,齐根切掉 例如:

 He cut away some branches, making it look more beautiful. A lot of trees there were cut down in the past. The electricity was cut off because of the storm. He was sentenced to death and had his head cut off the next day. Could you cut the pizza up, please? (7 7 )o do 短语:

 do about 处理,应付

 do and don’t 要与不要

 do a good deed 做一件好事

  do a lot of walking 走很多路

 do a test 做实验,做化验

 do a word puzzle 猜字谜

 do an experiment / experiments 做实验

 do away with 废除

 do body-building 做健身操

 do chores 处理琐事,干家务 do housework 做家务活

  do make-up 化妆,打扮

  do observations 观察

  do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

  do one’s homework 做作业

 do research on… 从事……研究工作

  do sb a favour 帮某人一个忙

 do sb honor = do honor to sb 礼遇某人,对某人表示敬意 do sb the favour to do sth 帮某人一个忙做某事 do some reading 读书,阅读,看点书

 do some shopping = go shopping 购物,买东西

  do sports = have / play sports = take exercise 进行体育运动,做运动,进行锻炼 do sth in turn / by turns = take turns to do sth / in doing sth 轮流做某事 do telephone interviews 进行电话采访 do the laundry 洗衣服

  do up 打扮,梳妆,收拾,把(衣服,鞋子等)扣/系好 do up one’s shoes / hair 系好鞋带/梳好头 do up the button 扣纽扣

 do well / better in… 在……方面干得好/更好

 do with 处理,处置,对付

 do wrong 做坏事,做错事(比较:do right = do the right thing 做得对)

 例如:

 To tell the truth, I don’t know how to do with him. I’ll have nothing to do with him from now on. What did you do with that camera you found? The poisonous waste may do great harm to the things around us. Eat more fruit; it will do good to you. I think I can do better in English this year than last year. Liszt said, “You’ve done wrong, but I can see you are truly sorry about it.” I’m going to do my best this year. I was only trying to do a good deed.

  (8 8 )t get 短语:

 get a better understanding of China 更好地了解中国 get a full mark / full marks 得满分

 get a lot of satisfaction 得到满足 get at 意指,本意是

  get around = get about 四处走动,活动 get away 移走,拿走,逃脱,逃离

 get away from 逃脱,逃离 get back 回来,回家,取回,找回,退还 get close to 接近

 get down 下来,降下

 get down on one’s knees 跪下

 get down to (doing) sth 开始(做)某事)

 get in 进入,收获,达到

 get in a word 插话

  get into… 进入……

  get sb into… 使某人陷入

 get it 接(电话),应(门),理解,懂得 get off 下车,脱下(衣服等)

 get on 上车,过活

 get on / along with… 进展,与……相处

 get on one’s feet (艰难地)站立起来

 get out 离开,出去

 get out of 逃避,避免

  get over 克服,恢复,原谅

 get up 起床,起身

  get across 理解,度过 get through 接通(电话),完成(工作),通过(考试)

 get to 到达,抵达

 get to sleep 入睡,设法睡着 get / gain / take possession of 占有,拥有,占领 get ready for 为……做准备 (比较:be ready for = be well prepared for = be in preparation for

  为……做好了准备)

 get rid of 除掉,去掉

 get sb to do 让某人做 get the idea for… 想到……的主意

 get the message across 传播信息 get together 相聚,碰头,联欢

 get / be used to sth 习惯于……,适应于…… (比较:be used as sth 被用作…… be used for sth 被用于……,用来做…… be used to do sth 被用于做…… used to do sth 过去常常做)

 get / be dressed 穿衣服

 get / be engaged (to sb) (与某人)订婚 get / be lost 丢失了,迷路

  get / be married (to sb) = marry (sb) (与某人)结婚 get / be stuck 陷进去,被困住,被难住,遇到困难 get / be tired of 对……感到厌倦,对……失去兴趣 (比较:get / be tired for 因……而感到疲倦)

 例如:

 I’m getting on well with my classmates now. How are you getting along with your English? He got the book away from her. The bank robbers used a stolen car to get away. When did you get back from the countryside? Have you got back the book you lent him? “Get down on your knees,” said the Genie, “for I am going to kill

  you.” The dust has got into my eyes. This mistake may get him into difficulties. Before I could get in a word he had measured me, and was giving orders for evening suits. If you knock into someone, or get into his way, you should say, “Excuse me.” or “I’m...

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